Lincoln Cathedral: A stunning piece of architecture with a 1000 year history
This evening, I am focusing on Lincoln Cathedral, a stunning building with a history dating back nearly 1000 years.
Lincoln is city (pop 756,000 ) which lies about 150 miles directly north of London.
The Cathedral interior is a wonder to behold, featuring medieval stained glass, a vast nave, medieval stone carvings, tombs and chapels for remembering the dead, peaceful crypt and a Chapter House with special acoustics. As mentioned below, this building has experienced many structural issues and fire damage over the years.
Here is a summary history of the Cathedral:
- Construction commenced 1072 on orders of William the Conqueror. Bishop Remigus supervised the work which took twenty years.
- Norman cathedral opens for worship in 1092.
- In 1141 a fire destroys the roof.
- In 1185 an earthquake caused severe damage resulting in demolition of the old Norman Cathedral.
- A new, Gothic style Cathedral was commenced 1192 under Bishop Hugh.
- In 1237 the Central Tower collapses and is rebuilt.
- Parliament meets in the Chapter House in 1301.
- In 1311 the central tower is made smaller.
- In 1330 the Bishop’s Eye window is fitted.
- Between 1370 and 1400 the western towers are made smaller.
- The central spire blows down in 1548.
- Damage by Parliamentarian soldiers in 1644.
- New library designed by Sir Christopher Wren.
- Spires removed from the western towers in 1807.
- Great Tom (main bell) lifted into clock tower in 1835.
- Organ installed in 1898.
- Service chapels dedicated 1946, after WW2.