The partly reconstructed Roman fort of Arbeia at eastern end of Hadrian 's Wall



Reconstructed entrance.

This partly reconstructed fort is located at the eastern end of Hadrian’s Wall, overlooking the mouth of the River Tyne in N.E. England. Key facts:
  • Probably built around AD 161-180 to replace an earlier fort in the vicinity.
  • Site extended from 1.7 to 2.1 hectares after AD 200. Rationale was to extend capacity as a supply base in support of strategy to conquer northern Britain.
  • The site was extended to include 22 granaries, to hold vital food supplies for the troops.
  • After abandonment of the northern campaign Arbeia acted as a supply base for Hadrian’s Wall, no doubt aided by its strategic location with access to the sea.
  • Around AD 300 the site suffered a disastrous fire. Final HQ building was a re-build following the fire.
This site sits somewhat incongruously surrounded by residential housing. The site is run by Tyne and Wear Museums and includes an on-site museum. There are replica barracks, Courtyard House and Entrance Gate which, combined with the extensive visible archaeology, enable visitors to connect with the Roman period in a tangible way.


Courtyard House.


Inside Courtyard House


Commanding Officer’s Bedroom


Archaeology


Archaeology


Archaeology

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