Roman Officer's Tombstone
Here is an interesting connection with the Roman period in Britain.
Roman Officer's tombstone, Elsdon Church, England
This evening, I am indulging in my passion for the Roman period (in Britain).
Image above shows the (heavily weathered) tombstone of a Roman Officer which is located inside St Cuthbert's Church, Elsdon, Northumberland, England.
Elsdon Church has a history dating back to the late 11th century. The officer would appear to have died in the 3rd century and why the tombstone has found its way to Elsdon is open to speculation. As mentioned below, the officer was stationed at Bremenium, a northern outpost of Hadrian's Wall, about eight miles north of Elsdon.
This particular tombstone is of interest because it provides the only known record of a Roman officer's career in Britain. The inscription illustrates how an officer was moved around the Empire, viz:
- First two military appointments as military prefect in charge of cohorts in Egypt and Mauritania.
- Two posts in the civil service in Italy as sub-curator of the Flaminian Way and Corn Doles
- Sub-contractor of public works in Rome.
- Died whilst a Tribune of 1 Vardullorum Cohort at Bremenium Fort (Rochester, Northumberland) at age 48 years and 6 months. This was an advanced age for front-line military personnel of the day.
Stone commissioned by wife, Julia Lucilla.
Lettering badly weathered at top. From 5th line down reads:
PRAEfecto COHortis 1 AUGustae PRaetoriae
LUSITANORum ITEM COhortis II
BREUCORUM SUBCURatori VIAE
FLAMINIAE ET ALIMENTorum
SUBCURatori OPERUM PUBlicorum
JULIA LUCILIA Clarissima Femina MARITO
Bene Merenti VIXit ANnis XLVIII
Mensibus VI DieBus XXV
Military tribunes, commanded portions of the Roman army, subordinate to higher magistrates, such as the consuls and praetors, promagistrates, and their legates. Various officers within the Roman army were also known as tribunes.
St Cuthbert's Church, Elsdon