Castle Keep, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Image of the Castle Keep at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in N.E. England
This evening, I am focusing on Castle Keep in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The City of Newcastle (in N.E. England) name emanates from this structure which was the second such medieval structure on the site, hence the ‘new castle’.
The site has experienced a succession of occupation and use for about 1900 years, viz:
- Roman fort known as Pons Aelius ( 2nd-5th centuries AD)
- Anglo-Saxon cemetery.
- Site of original motte and bailey castle built by Robert Curthouse in 11th century.
- Principal tower of existing Castle Keep built by Henry II 1168-78 and enlarged in 13th century.
- Became isolated and redundant for military purposes in mid 13th century when city wall was completed and thereafter went into decline.
- Used by Royalist forces during English Civil War in 17th century.
- Restored 19th century onwards.
The purpose of the structure was twofold: to provide a principal fortification strong point and residence for the garrison commander.
Today, the Castle Keep is a visitor attraction providing access over three floors including:
- Garrison Room.
- Great Hall.
- King’s Chamber
- Well Room.
Location is central and close to the waterfront.