Inchgarvie Island, Firth of Forth, Scotland
The island is uninhabited and was last occupied in World War II. I encountered it in course of a boat trip.
The name is derived from the Gaelic Innis Garbhach which means a “rough island”. Area is 0.83 hectares.
Over the past 500 years or so the island has featured in official
records principally because of fortifications erected during various
- A fort or tower was built during 1513 on instructions of King James IV of Scotland.
- Subsequently the building was adapted as a state prison.
- During the Civil Wars in the 17th century the island was occupied by Royalist troops.
- During the Napoleonic Wars ( 1803-15) defences were repaired and supplemented with cannon but by the middle of the 19th century these fortifications were in a ruinous state.
- During WW2 the pre-existing fortifications were incorporated in new defences centred on an anti-aircraft gun battery.
As will be evident from the image above, the WW2 buildings remain extant, albeit in a decayed state.