Burgh-by-Sands

Today, I am reporting on the English village of Burgh-by-Sands (pop 1200). This is located on the southern side of the Anglo-Scottish border on the banks of the estuary known as the Solway Firth.

The nearest major town is Carlisle, some seven miles to the east.

Burgh-by-Sands is on the line of the Hadrian's Wall Path (hiking trail) and as such attracts considerable numbers of hikers and cyclists passing through.The local environment would also appeal to naturalists and photographers.

History buffs would find the ancient church of interest and the former Roman era fort which housed a contingent of soldiers from North Africa. Close by is a monument to King Edward I of England who died at Burgh-by-Sands during the Scottish Wars of Independence, on July 7th 1307.

Last year I spent a pleasant few days at nearby Bowness-on-Solway.

Solway Firth, Saltmarshes and Mudflats

Solway Firth: Saltmarshes and mudflats

In the past my wife and myself undertook an approximately 8 mile walking tour using Burgh by Sands, as start and finish points. This entailed an interesting diversity of sites including:

  • The local church which stands on the site of the Roman fort of Aballava and was constructed using stones salvaged from the Roman wall and fort.
  • A path which followed the line of Hadrian’s Wall;
  • The tidal, River Eden with its associated wildlife;
  • A water meadow.
  • Interesting village architecture including an example of a house built from clay (clay dabbin), using a procedure dating from the Viking era.

In the late afternoon, I paid a visit to the nearby Solway Firth which comprises extensive mudflats and salt marshes which provides very rich grazing pastures for sheep and cattle and is home to a wide variety of bird life. These mudflats and marshes have been designated a Special Area of Conservation.

St Michael’s Church. 

St Michael’s Church (originally Catholic now Anglican) was built within the Roman fort on Hadrian’s Wall late in the 12th Century. It occupies the probable site of one of the central buildings in the fort – perhaps the grannary. Much of the stone used to build the Church came from the fort, or from the wall.

Elaborate entrance to St Michael’s Church


 Church interior


 Illustration of former Roman fort named Aballlava

Greyhound Inn at Burgh-by-Sands



English Farmyard, Beaumont

English farmyard at Beaumont

River Eden nr Beaumont

River Eden near Beaumont

Landscape near Burgh by Sands

Landscape near Burgh by Sands


Clay Dabbin House at Burgh-by-Sands

Solway Firth View

Solway Firth View

Solway Firth Grazing and Birdlife

Solway Firth: Grazing and bird life

Overall, a very successful day affording lots of photo opps. However, we did get utterly soaked during our morning walk due to persistent rain.

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